It is no myth that masks are important in the fight against COVID-19.
The American Medical Association states there are risks for transmission that masks can prevent. The AMA advises that we protect ourselves and those around us by wearing a mask.
Affinity Health Services reminds all that it not only matters if you wear a mask, but also how you wear it. Wearing a mask to protect against coronavirus has become part of daily life.
Although wearing a mask is one of the most important things you can do to prevent coronavirus infection, there are still many misunderstandings about:
- How safe and effective masks are
- How to use them properly
- When and where masks are needed
Here are more facts to help explain debunk the myths about coronavirus masks, according to the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) and Healthgrades.com
Myth No. 1: Face masks are a substitute for social distancing.
Wearing a face mask keeps me from spreading the virus, so I don’t need to worry about getting close to others.
Fact: The CDC recommends widespread use of simple cloth face coverings to help prevent transmission of COVID-19 by people who have the virus but don’t know it. But it’s not a substitute for physical distancing. Staying at least 6 feet apart from others while in public is still the most important tool to stopping the spread of the virus (SARS-CoV-2), according to the CDC. That’s because the virus spreads mainly by respiratory droplets at close range, and simple face masks can’t filter 100% of small virus particles from droplets or the air you breathe in.
COVID-19 can also spread through the air, but it is more likely in indoor spaces where virus-contaminated respiratory droplets and aerosols generated from an infected person(s) can accumulate. To reduce your risk of contracting COVID-19, avoid indoor public spaces with lots of people and poor ventilation.
Keep in mind that patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 who do not show symptoms, or who have very few symptoms, can still spread the virus through talking, coughing or sneezing, especially in close proximity to other people.
Myth No. 2: A face mask can actually make me more susceptible to COVID-19.
People who wear face masks are constantly adjusting them and touching their faces more often…it actually increases my risk of contracting the virus.
Fact: It’s true that people who wear masks tend to touch their face more often than those who don’t, which can paradoxically result in an increased risk of infection. But you can reduce your risk with frequent handwashing and knowing how to properly put on and remove your mask, taking care not to touch the front of it. Follow CDC’s guidance on how to wear cloth face coverings.
Myth No. 3: Only an N95 mask will help me.
They say that an N95 mask helps protect the wearer from getting the virus, while a surgical or cloth mask is really to help protect others in case the wearer has the virus.
Fact: Actually a type of respirator, an N95 mask is designed to block 95% of very small particles. Although cloth masks and N95 masks have different purposes, both are intended to slow the spread of COVID-19. Mounting evidence shows that cloth masks do filter small particles, albeit not as much as the N95. Certain cloth masks can filter out up to 50% of fine particles. So wearing a cloth mask protects you and those around you. And common sense suggests that some protection is better than none. But wearing a cloth face mask should always be combined with frequent handwashing and social distancing.
Also, keep in mind that surgical masks and N95 respirators are in short supply and should be reserved for healthcare workers or other medical first responders, as recommended by CDC guidance.
Myth No. 4: I don’t need to wash my mask after each use.
Washing a cloth mask after each use can be time-consuming and inconvenient, so I tend to wear my mask several times before washing.
Fact: Though it’s not particularly convenient, cloth face coverings should be washed after each use, according to the CDC. It’s fine to launder them with other clothes in the washing machine, using the warmest appropriate water setting for the material. You can also wash by hand using 4 teaspoons of bleach diluted in 1 quart of water. And be sure to dry your masks on the highest setting, or lay flat to air dry in direct sunlight, if possible. If you have a disposable mask, let it sit for 10-14 days to allow the virus (if present) to die out.
Myth No. 5: Any mask I can find, or make, will do.
Anything that covers my nose and mouth, regardless of how it’s made, will keep me from spreading the virus to others.
Fact: Cloth face coverings are generally simple to make, and can be made at low cost using household items. But a cloth mask should include multiple layers of fabric to provide the most protection. The CDC website offers directions for no-sew masks using common materials made of tightly woven cotton, such as bandannas and T-shirts. Neck gaiters are the least effective.
Myth No. 6: Wearing a face mask can make me sick.
Face masks allow carbon dioxide to accumulate, which will make it hard for me to breathe and could make me sick.
Fact: Many people have heard that breathing in CO2 (also known as hypercapnia) from wearing a mask can cause symptoms like dizziness, lightheadedness, headache, and shortness of breath. But because most people (apart from healthcare workers) are wearing a mask for a short period of time, they likely won’t experience anything more than a mild headache. Also, be aware that once a mask gets wet (perhaps from exhalation), it begins to lose its effectiveness and will need to be washed or replaced.
Myth No. 7. Wearing a face mask means I’m scared, or weak.
Wearing a face mask is a sign that I’ve “given in” to the virus.
Fact: Myths abound about why people choose to wear—or not to wear—a face mask. Some say it makes a certain political statement, or means you’re opposed to reopening the country. Others think it implies weakness or fear. The truth is, wearing a face mask simply means you understand the nature and risks of spreading a highly contagious virus, and are concerned about the health and well-being of others. It’s hard to find a better reason to wear one than that.
Download the October 2020 edition of the Affinity Advantage newsletter >
|By Kim Kelly, Director of Marketing & Business Development
Families unable to tour the facilities we serve due to the coronavirus, will soon be just a click away from learning more about whether a facility meets the needs of their loved ones.
The Affinity Health Services marketing team is overseeing the filming and production of virtual tours at partner facilities. In unprecedented times, virtual tours on various associated websites and social media posts, are extraordinary measures to market these care facilities.
Touring an assisted living community or nursing home is a must before making the crucial commitment. Time, distance, and in extreme circumstances — such as a pandemic on the level of coronavirus —prevent an in-person visit.
This is an exceptional marketing opportunity that will showcase unique amenities and buildings for families of those who will call one such facility their home. The attributes and uniqueness of a particular facility will be at the fingertips of family members trying to select the perfect place for a loved one.
The tours are being produced this fall and will become part of our digital marketing strategy in the months ahead. The digital presence will provide a means of tracking, follow-ups and further targeted marketing.
By Angela Huffman, RN Clinical Services Coordinator
Because of COVID-19, our residents, staff, physicians, families, visitors and regulators have been challenged and impacted in a variety of ways. In light of the infectious nature of this virus, the spotlight continues to be focused on regulatory compliance with infection control protocols and practices.
Infection control practices have been reinforced through training and ongoing monitoring in hand hygiene, proper use, application and removal of personal protective equipment (PPE), cleaning and disinfection practices, cohort strategies, proper linen handling and testing.
Our regulatory bodies have increased monitoring of our compliance through on-site inspections and observations, review of infection-control policies and procedures, and offsite review of mandatory reporting requirements and data review.
F880 Infection Prevention & Control is a longstanding federal nursing home requirement for infection prevention and control in accordance with Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS). For a number of years, F880 has been in the “Top 5” of regulations most frequently cited in skilled nursing facilities. This regulation requires that facilities:
- Develop and implement an ongoing infection prevention and control program to prevent, recognize, and control the onset and spread of infection to the extent possible
- Establish facility-wide systems for the prevention, identification, investigation and control of infections of residents, staff, and visitors. It must include an ongoing system of surveillance designed to identify possible communicable diseases or infections before they can spread to other persons in the facility and procedures for reporting possible incidents of communicable disease or infections;
- Establish an Infection Prevention & Control Program (IPCP) that:
- Establishes a system for preventing, identifying, reporting, investigating, and controlling infections and communicable diseases for all residents, staff, volunteers, visitors, and other individuals providing services under a contractual arrangement;
- Follows accepted national standards;
- Has written standards, policies, and procedures for the program that include: surveillance and isolation procedures, reporting communicable diseases, hand hygiene, employee health and work restrictions, linen handling.
In direct response to the national impact that COVID-19 has had on skilled nursing facilities, the federal government has enacted three new regulations with which we must maintain compliance. CMS has put two new sets of reporting requirements into effect. The first requires nursing homes to report confirmed or suspected cases of COVID-19 to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) to assist with infection surveillance.
The second type of reporting relates to communication with residents, their representatives and family members of actual or suspected cases of COVID-19 in nursing homes when an outbreak occurs and at least weekly. The communication to residents, staff and families can take on many forms that can include: phone calls, letters, Facebook updates, email updates, pre-recorded messages and text messaging.
The third update is regulation F866 that enhances efforts to keep COVID-19 from entering and spreading through nursing homes, requiring facilities to test residents and staff based on state and federal government parameters.
Although personal care homes are not regulated by the federal government, our licensed facilities follow specific state licensing requirements. Just as our skilled communities, personal care homes also have regulations for infection control and sanitation standards. During an inspection, regulators will examine all areas of the home to determine if unsanitary conditions exist. Inspectors will interview the administrator and staff regarding universal precaution and observe staff for the implementation of universal precautions. Universal precautions include the areas of hand hygiene, glove use, linen handling, safe sharps, cleaning and disinfection.
The Department of Health and Human Services (DHS) that oversees regulatory compliance for personal care homes has not enacted any new specific regulatory requirements in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, but has offered additional guidance, similar to the enhanced guidelines offered to skilled nursing facilities. That guidance has been implemented for completion of baseline testing, screening for residents, staff and family members for signs and symptoms of COVID-19, visitation restriction and reopening guidance.
DHS has most recently enacted guidance for ongoing testing for staff, based upon the positivity rate of the county where the community is located. The guidance includes testing of residents who leave the facility routinely for outpatient health care visits including dialysis treatment, social visits in the community, day programs, employment, and upon return after admission to another health care facility.
Prior to COVID -19, achieving and maintaining compliance with infection prevention and control standards was a focus for both our skilled and personal care communities. All of the communities complete annual and as-needed infection control education and monitor practices on a daily basis to ensure that we are providing a safe, clean and sanitary environment for residents, staff, families and visitors.
By Dan McCullough, Financial Consultant
It goes without saying at this point that COVID-19 has had devastating effects, not just from the health complications and loss that it has created but also from an economic standpoint. The healthcare industry is not immune from this economic fallout and has been impacted with additional expenses along with a loss of revenue.
Healthcare facilities have been purchasing as much personal protective equipment as they can. Storage areas and closets have been filling up with this PPE, which is necessary to help minimize exposure and spread of the disease. This is not only important to the patients entrusted in their care, but also to protect those on the front lines providing that care. Along with the purchase of this equipment there is the additional expense of COVID testing.
Screeners are needed to take temperatures and ensure that everyone entering the facility is following the proper protocols. Often this means hiring additional staff to do the screening. Beyond the hiring of additional staff, existing staff are working more hours. These additional duties of screening and testing are added expenses that take a toll on overall financial operations. Facilities are doing their best to provide some sense of normalcy and connection to the outside world for their residents.
This means extra purchases like cell phones and tablets. Visitation areas have been constructed so that residents can see their loved ones, even if this has to be behind plexiglass barriers. Activity programs have had to adapt to social distancing. These are expenses that no one saw coming or could have budgeted for.
The other side of the financial impact is the lost revenue. The number of patients seeking care in facilities has dropped significantly. There has been a decline in the number of people having elective procedures that would have required rehabilitation and other healthcare services. This decline has led to fewer patients in healthcare facilities.
Skilled nursing facilities play an important role in combatting this pandemic. They are tasked with facing it head on and that means leaning into the headwinds noted above. The population they serve falls into the high-risk category, so it is imperative that they have the resources necessary to be in the best possible condition to meet the unique challenges brought on by COVID-19.
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has distributed billions in funds to skilled nursing facilities. Among the CARES ACT, Paycheck Protection Program, Health Care Enhancement Act and funding at the state level, these resources will go a long way in helping healthcare facilities to be in the best position to deal with this crisis.
We are appreciative of this financial support and for those who have advocated on our behalf.
CARES Act, PPP and Act 24 funds are being used to purchase these critically necessary COVID-related tools and technology at Affinity-associated facilities:
- Screening systems
- Hazard pay for staff
- Advanced cleaning systems
- Telehealth systems
- Outdoor visitation structures
|By Denise McQuown-Hatter, President and CEO
In the wake of an unprecedented pandemic, Affinity Health Services is proud to salute the long-term care profession. Our professionals are the embodiment of grace and compassion while faced with an incredible challenge.
I am honored to have the opportunity to work with some of the most dedicated professionals in this field. Our front-line staff has stepped up to care for those who depend on us each day. We are proud to report that very few of our workforce were compelled to leave the industry due to the pandemic fears.
Their reaction was about how to protect those that we serve, and that they did. That type of dedication does not just happen; that type of dedication is a derivative of solid leaders.
COVID-19 has made us look at things differently, solve problems more efficiently and care for those we serve more compassionately. Long overdue technology is being integrated into our daily operations. Our investment in screening technology, disinfecting technology and telehealth will be key to our future success.
Our adaptability to provide family and loved ones visitation and unique life enrichment has been well received and much appreciated by the families we serve. Another key to our commitment is regular and transparent communication. We are committed to telling our story and making it heard by all stakeholders. We are always available to answer questions and address concerns.
Because family members are still not in the communities for routine visits, we have expanded our WE CARE customer appreciation and customer service commitment to an on line product. There is more about WE CARE later in the adjacent column.
One of our obligations as healthcare professionals who protect our seniors is to educate the communities in which we work. There remains confusion about what a healthcare pandemic is and what it means. A pandemic is an epidemic that is spread over several countries or continents and affects a large percent of the population. The infection disease experts spanning across the globe recommend certain basic infection control procedures including masks, social distancing and hand hygiene to help slow the spread.
These and the other precautions that people have been asked to take are basic and, in the healthcare industry, we have utilized these same practices for years. When people in the community chose not to abide by the professionals’ recommendations, it puts those that we care for at risk.
The healthcare industry has also been conducting pre-employment and routine employment screenings for decades. Adding COVID-19 testing is simply another employee screening in addition to criminal background checks, flu shots, Mantoux testing and other safety checks that are in place to protect our seniors and compromised individuals. We are advocates to support the precautions and continue to send a message of respect for seniors.
In closing, pride is the best way I can express my gratitude for the families that have stuck by and supported us, to the staff that have lived up in every way to their commitment to care, to our boards of directors and commissioners who have supported our mission and to the residents in our care for their patience and understanding.
I would also like to thank our associations for their support of the industry. None of us know exactly where this is going or what our new normal will be, but I do know that we are blessed to be surrounded by some of the best in the industry.
We have all worked tirelessly to identify and prioritize ways to deal with the virus. It is incumbent upon all of us to lift each other up and to endure together.
By Angela Huffman, RN Clinical Services Coordinator
Since the beginning of March, when we were introduced to COVID-19, our world as we knew it has been turned upside down. It will never be the same.
The coronavirus pandemic has impacted our personal and professional lives in immeasurable ways from being able to see our loved ones, social distancing, wearing face masks all the time and the inability to frequent our favorite places and businesses.
As a professional, I have never experienced anything similar to this in my career. We have seen a lot of regulatory and reimbursement changes over the years, but once they are implemented, we usually gain our stride and everything falls into place.
COVID-19 is unlike any change that we will experience, hopefully in our lifetime, but we must adjust daily to what the “new normal” will be. With the ever-changing landscape in the battle against this virus, we must remain flexible, adaptable, creative, innovative and collaborative. Despite the daily challenges, COVID-19 has been an accelerator for positive change and advances in healthcare. COVID-19 is one of those pivotal moments in time in which we gain the opportunity to collaborate and work together to identify and fix underlying problems that plague our healthcare system.
The pandemic has cast a bright light on the challenges that we knew already existed in the healthcare infrastructure and has reinforced the need to collaborate between healthcare systems, government agencies and other key stakeholders. As a result, we have seen government agencies and legislators intervene in the economy in ways that are completely unprecedented with funding, supplies, testing, technology and education.
We have had to build courage to innovate and adopt new processes to fix antiquated procedures. Because of the pandemic, the use of telehealth has become a mainstay to keep our residents connected with their physicians and specialty care. Because of COVID-19, telehealth will continue to grow and become a primary mode of care delivery in the future. The pandemic has had a lasting impact on the way physical products are manufactured to ensure availability of personal protective equipment (PPE) to keep staff and residents safe. The creativity is remarkable:
• a local glove company stopping glove production to make masks,
• a hockey equipment manufacturer making isolation gowns,
• universities and manufacturers using 3-D printers and injection molds to make face shields.
My only hope is that this innovation and collaboration remains in the forefront as we continue our journey with COVID-19 and beyond. The advances in the use of technology, from allowing our residents to spend quality time with their loved ones to conducting interviews for new employees to engaging with businesses and meetings through Zoom, is fundamentally shifting us to a new norm to remain connected.
I’ve heard several people comment that they cannot “wait for things to get back to normal.” I too, can grow tired from dealing with all things COVID-19, but part of me desires to pursue the “new normal.” COVID has brought many challenges, it has also brought us together around the dinner table, allowed Americans to enjoy the great outdoors, fostered teamwork and collaboration, and has inspired leadership, innovation and creativity.
In our “new normal”, our residents, families and staff members will be beneficiaries of the lessons learned from the trials that we have endured, because we are better from it.
Without a doubt, healthcare workers on the frontlines of the COVID-19 crisis face an excruciating burden.
Beyond their own risk protocols, there is an overriding commitment to those for whom they care and their families and loved ones. How does one explain harsh matters in tactful terms?
The key is communication.
Whether a one-on-one or group speaking engagement, experts have developed a set of suggestions that express the voice of compassion for clinicians to consider when communicating with those they serve.
Affinity Health Services recommends a reference guide published by the Regional Response Health Collaboration Program (RRHCP). The report, titled Specific phrases & word choices that can be helpful when dealing with COVID-19, provides some guidance for those all-important discussions.
Expressions can never capture the full landscape of emotions and thoughts COVID-19 has brought into our worlds, but may provide a feeling of ease to a concerned family member or patient. This resource can also be found at http://www.seriousillnessconversations.org.
Affinity Health Services welcomed six new members to the management team in June 2020:
- Tammy Leister, Regional Operational Manager
- Karen Hartung, Accounts Receivable Specialist
- Kristen Spezialetti, Community Relations Specialist
- Dan McCullough, Financial Consultant
- Jack Nelson, Director of Financial Planning and Project Management
- Mike Morlacci, Digital Media Marketing Specialist